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NHTSA 2010 Wheelchair Van Crash Test Standards

AMS Vans and NHTSA crash test standards.

The National Highway Traffic Safety Administration (NHTSA)
The NHTSA is responsible for devising and implementing safety standards for all vehicles bought and sold in the United States. NHTSA's primary responsibility is to make sure vehicles pass requirements designed to (according to its mission statement):

"Save lives, prevent injuries and reduce economic costs due to road traffic crashes, through education, research, safety standards and enforcement activity."

Many of us have seen crash testing in TV commercials and/or public service announcements, but how exactly does crash testing operate?

Front Crash Test on Wheelchair Van

All wheelchair conversion vans must successfully pass front, side, and rear impacts without losing fluid from the gas tank. Pre-September 2009 standards required all vans to withstand 30 mph impacts from the front and back with 33.5 mph impacts from the side. The side chosen for testing depends on the location of the fuel filler neck (the side used for pumping gas).

After each test, the vehicle is turned upside down on huge lifts--a 180-degree flip with tires in the air and roof facing the ground. The vehicle must not lose any fluid during the rotation or it immediately fails the test.

Rear Crash Test on Handicap Accessible Wheelchair Van

New standards went into effect September 2009 (for 2010 vehicles) that required satisfactory completion of 35 mph front, 50 mph rear, and 33.5 mph side collisions. Undoubtedly, the most significant change was the 20 mph increase on rear impact testing of conversion vans.

Adaptive Mobility Systems, Inc. proved successful in all three 2010 standards--one of the very few wheelchair van companies to successfully pass NHTSA's newer, more rigorous requirements in the first attempt. The AMS Edge conversion earned its stripes in December of 2007, and the Legend followed in February of 2008. Thanks to Adaptive Mobility Systems' ultra-strong floor pan, the AMS handicap accessible minivan conversions available to buy from our inventory are considered as safe as their original stock car counterparts.

Have you ever noticed the tests' battering ram is angled during the side impact test? If you pay close attention, you can see that the device used to ram the van is specifically angled at 45 degrees in an attempt to replicate a real-life scenario. In fact, everything from the speed of impact to the full-scale anthropometric test devices (the test dummies) are
specifically designed to simulate real-world conditions.

Front Crash Test on Wheelchair Accessible VanNHTSA's core values state "(We are) committed to providing the most accurate and complete information available to our customers, the American traveling public, in a helpful and courteous fashion. In all of our activities, we will strive to meet or beat our established deadlines for providing customer service." AMS Vans, Inc. shares similar core values; the conversion vans we sell are Strong, Simple, and Safe. We pride ourselves on selling wheelchair accessible conversions
built by Adaptive Mobility Systems, Inc., and we're proud they are one of the few mobility conversion van companies to have met and exceeded NHTSA's 2010 crash standards for handicap conversion vans.

Click here to check out safety videos relating to the AMS brand of wheelchair van conversions.

Wheelchair Accessible Vehicles

2016 Used 2016 Dodge Grand Caravan SXT Wheelchair Van

USED Dodge Grand Caravan SXT
NEW AMS Edge Conversion

$29,995 $31,495


  • Stock #: 344560
  • Mileage: 50,400 Miles
  • Ramp/Lift: Rear Entry Short
  • Features: 3YR/36K Conv Wrty, Driver Pwr. Seat Base, ADA Compliant
2016 Used 2016 Dodge Grand Caravan SXT Wheelchair Van

USED Dodge Grand Caravan SXT
NEW AMS Edge Conversion

$28,995 $29,995


  • Stock #: 319200
  • Mileage: 50,744 Miles
  • Ramp/Lift: Rear Entry Short
  • Features: 3YR/36K Conv Wrty, Driver Pwr. Seat Base, ADA Compliant
2015 Used 2015 Ram ProMaster 1500 136 WB Wheelchair Van

USED Ram ProMaster 1500 136 WB
USED Tempest X Conversion

$65,499 $66,999


  • Stock #: 520753X
  • Mileage: 11,877 Miles
  • Ramp/Lift: Side Entry Lift Pwr
  • Features: N/A

Vehicle Exterior


Exterior Appearance Inspection

  • Panel alignment/fit
  • Headlamp, taillamp/lens condition
  • Windshield/glass condition
  • Paint chips and scratches
  • Body damage/dents/dings
  • Trim and moldings

Vehicle Identification

  • In place and matching
  • Inspect certification label (federal requirement)
  • Check VIN label to paperwork
  • Check for non-completed recalls

Exterior Lights Function Properly and Illuminate as Designed

  • Headlights hi/low (including aim)
  • Parking lights/fog lights
  • License plate lights
  • Side marker lights
  • Tail lights / backup lights
  • Turn signal and cornering lights
  • Brake and high-mount stoplights
  • Emergency Flashers

Keys

  • Vehicle has 2 master key with remote entry (if applicable) and 2 valet key, flat key
  • Programmed to immobilizer

Door Lock System

  • Door opens/closes smoothly using interior and exterior door handles
  • Doors cannot be opened when lock button is in lock position
  • 2-turn unlock feature functions properly
  • Remote entry system operates properly
  • Theft-deterrent system functions properly
  • Child safety locks
  • Wireless door lock operation

Vehicle Interior


Interior Appearance Inspection

  • Seats: front/rear
  • Steering wheel/airbags
  • Armrests/door handles
  • Lower door and sill plates
  • Gearshift selection handle
  • Radio/AC control markings
  • Headliners/sun visors

Seat Belts

  • Extend/retract smoothly
  • Free of twists, cuts or signs of wear
  • Buckles lock securely

Seat Operation

  • Lumbar support operation
  • Memory control operates properly*
  • Headrest functions properly
  • Heaters function properly*
  • Seat cushion angle and height adjustment
  • Seatback angle adjustment

Power Windows / Locks

  • Function Properly

Trunk/Fuel Lid Release

  • Functions Properly (interior)

Glove Compartment

  • Contains portfolio, owner's manual, supplement

Steering Wheel

  • Tilt/telescopic functionability
  • Horn functions properly
  • Steering wheel controls
  • Steering wheel locks
  • Warning chime (key in -- door open)

Windshield Wiper

  • Functions in hi/low/intermittent
  • Wiper blades clean properly
  • Rain sensing wipers*

Dashboard Lights Illuminate as Designed

  • Turn signal: left/right
  • High beam indicator
  • Emergency flashers
  • Instrument panel control knob
  • Waring lights: oil pressure, brake, fuel, charge, seatbelt, open door, engine check, rear light failure, ABS, SRS
  • Check operation of guages

Rear Defogger

  • Functions properly

Air Conditioner / Heater

  • Climate control system functions properly for both heating and cooling

Interior Lights

  • Dome/map/vanity mirror/courtesy lamps/foot function properly

Audio/Navigation System

  • Power/volume switch functions properly
  • Preset station indicator
  • Cassette/CD function (scan, seek, rewind, fast forward) operates properly
  • Navigation system operates properly*
  • Speakers sound clear
  • CD cartridge (if applicable)

Sunroof

  • Tilt/slide operates properly

Clock/Cigarette Lighters/Ashtray/Cupholders

  • Function properly

Outside/Inside Rearview Mirrors

  • Power controls function properly

Luggage Compartment


Luggage Compartment

  • Spare tire size, sidewall condition, tread depth and air pressure
  • Spare tire and attaching hardware, cover, jack, jack tools and wheel lock (if applicable) are present, properly installed and secure
  • Manual fuel lid release operates

Under The Hood


Engine Hood Release

  • Interior release operates properly

The Following Fluid Levels Meet Industry Standard

  • Engine oil replaced and proper level
  • Automatic transmission fluid level
  • Brake fluid level
  • Power steering fluid level
  • Engine coolant fluid level
  • Washer fluid level

Engine Mechanical

  • Excessive fuel pump noise
  • Cooling system (radiator, overflow tank, hoses, coolant level)
  • Water pump (noise/leaks)
  • Air filter (replace as necessary)
  • Inspect oil for contaminants
  • Engine noise (knocks, rattles)
  • Transmission noise (whines, clunks)
  • Belts (wear or damage)
  • Check engine diagnostics

Battery

  • No damage or leakage and proper group size/amp rating
  • Tests to standards

Engine Fans

  • Function properly

Under the Vehicle

Tires (Minimum tread depth 5/32")

  • FL: _______/32"
  • RL: _______/32"
  • FR: _______/32"
  • RR: _______/32"
  • Sidewall condition
  • Proper size, type and match
  • Tire pressure

Wheels

  • Condition/size/fit
  • Check wheel lug-nut torque

Brake Inspection (Minimum 6mm of pad material required)

  • FL: _______mm
  • RL: _______mm
  • FR: _______mm
  • RR: _______mm
  • Rotors show no signs of excessive wear, warpage or heat damage
  • Calipers, lines, and hoses show no sign of excessive wear or leakage
  • Parking brake assemblies, cables, and attaching hardware show no sign of excessive wear or damage

Chassis Inspection (No sign of damage or excessive wear)

  • Frame rails and floor pan
  • Subframe
  • Engine mounts and oil pan for leaks
  • Brake lines and couplings
  • Transmission case/pan for leaks
  • Drive shaft boots and CV joints
  • Fuel lines, fuel tank, hoses and protectors
  • Steering rack, linkage, bushings, control arms and dust boots
  • Differential assembly, drive shaft and related components
  • Exhaust system (including leakage)
  • Transmission mounts
  • Tie rods, ball joints, idler arm
  • Catalytic converter
  • Struts/shocks for operation/leaks

Under Vehicle Fluid Levels

  • Differential lubricant level -- check for contaminants

Road Test (Vehicle Operation)


Engine

  • Start-up
  • Idles normally
  • While driving, engine performs normally
  • Starter system operates normally
  • Shift Lock

Brakes

  • Brake and parking brake function normally
  • Brake and clutch pedal height, free play and travel meet specs.

Indicator Lights

  • No warning lights illuminate during road test

Transmission

  • T/M shifts properly (both power/normal mode)
  • TRAC/VSC and ECT control functions and indicator lights function properly

Steering/Suspension

  • Steering operation is normal
  • Off-center psecifications meet standards
  • Handling, straight-line operations

Cruise Control

  • Functions properly

Noise or Vibration

  • None present

Squeaks or Rattles

  • None present

* -- If Applicable

Service Guarantee

AMS Vans promises to deliver the best wheelchair accessible van available on the market today..... simply put if you are not fully satisfied with your wheelchair accessible van upon delivery---you can refuse it at no cost to you.

With nearly two decades of experience; manufacturing, selling, and delivering over 12,000 vans nationwide, our dedicated team of certified technicians will not allow your van to leave our Atlanta facility until its right!

Please contact one of our experienced Mobility Specialists today and ask about our three step quality control process.

AMS Vans looks forward to serving your family by providing you with a van that is worthy of our own.

Contact AMS Vans



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